In our country, there are several political parties that indicate the election. The presence of the organization is really a healthy situation for the state. It gives people an option to make a more evolved and effective decision. Moreover, it drives the opposite political parties to induce better than their competitors to win elections and rule the state. So, this can be the fundamental backdrop of political parties. But what’s a political party? Why can we need a political party? Let’s see.
Introduction to organization
An organization basically, could be a group of individuals. These people move to contest elections so as to carry power within the government. It’s some way to mobilize voters to support common sets of interests, concerns, and goals. The first role of the organization is to mend the political agenda and policies. So, each party tries to steer people by claiming their policies are better than those of other parties.
In a broader perspective, an organization may be a means via which the people can speak to the government and have a say within the governance of any country. So, every organization must have three key components:
- Active Members
There are three varieties of party systems:
- One-Party System
- Two-Party System
- Multi-Party System
In a one-party system, there’s no competition during this system. Here, the lone party nominates the candidates and also the voters have only two choices i.e.
- Not to vote in the slightest degree or
- Against the names of the candidates nominated by the party, write “yes” or “no.”
Such a form of government has been prominent in authoritarian regimes and communist countries like China, Asian nation, and Cuba. Before the collapse of communism, this method was also prevalent in USSR.
In a two-party system, the ability shifts between two major, dominant parties. So, for winning the elections, the winner will get the utmost number of votes. However, please know that the utmost number of votes isn’t akin to a majority of votes. So, the smaller parties tend to merge with the larger parties or drop out of elections. Such a parliamentary system prevails in Canada and Great Britain, within which there are two parties holding the most number of seats.
The third and also the commonest type of government is the multi-party system. In such a system, there are three or more parties that have the capacity to achieve control of the government. separately or in a very coalition. In case, no party achieves a transparent majority of the legislative seats, then several parties collaborate and form a coalition government. Countries like India, follow a multi-party system. Some people are of the view, that a multi-party system often results in political instability in an exceedingly country.