In Political Science, the research branch of participation research focuses on political participation. Political participation includes those behaviors of citizens who, as a group or on their own, voluntarily want to influence political decisions at different levels of the political system. A distinction is made between conventional and unconventional forms of political participation. Decades of participation research have developed criteria that identify different forms of participation.
Businesses and companies such as appollo store have their own ways of participating to the different forms of political participation.
Different forms of political participation
- Participation in elections and voting
- Party-related activities
- Community, election campaign and politician related activities
- Legal protest
- Civil protest
- Political violence
Voter turnout and measurement of voting results is not only an easy to measure the conventional form of participation, but studies on voter behavior are the political science origin of participation research. Participation in elections and thus the selection of political leaders at the different levels forms the core element of the role of citizenship and is the simplest and most egalitarian form of participation in the representative system Ds.
This primarily includes membership and participation in parties
They are activities that go beyond voting and are undertaken by just under 2.5% of adults.
Community, election campaign and politician related activities
Activities related to community, election campaign and politicians are only partly understood institutionalized, but time-limited forms of political participation such as the temporary participation in local problem solving but also participation in the election campaign.
This includes legal, non-institutionalized types of participation such as approved demonstrations.
Civil disobedience does not include violent participatory activities that violate applicable law and are not understood by a large majority of the population as a legitimate way of participating in the political process.
Political violence means the most extreme form of political participation and is reflected in violence against things and people.
In addition to political participation, there is also the term social participation, which primarily includes voluntary and civic engagement. These activities aimed at social integration can indeed have a political character but are usually to be found in the voluntary sector.